The simplest analogy is that antimicrobial “spikes” are formed on the surface that are highly positively charged and as a result of this charge, the negatively charged molecular structure of microorganisms are attracted to the “spikes” and the cell wall and membrane is lysed; the organism is then killed and the process continues.
It is now widely acknowledged that the environment and surfaces are a significant source of microbiological contamination and is considered as a major vehicle for harmful microorganisms to cause infection (cross-infection). Bacteria, viruses, fungi and yeasts contaminate surfaces and in fact can form bio-films that are extremely resilient to hygiene processes i.e. cleaning and disinfection. Harmful microorganisms can be transferred by cross contamination via touch or the air in the form of aerosols (in water droplets) or generally as single cells or “clumps”.